This is going to be another basic-level post, so sorry in advance to all you Korean champs out there.
Today we are going to take a look at how to express concepts like “above,” “below,” “next to,” “in front of” etc. in Korean. Make sure you check out the video and the podcast for pronunciation help.
In the structure of Korean language, first comes the position indicator, such as “위,” “아래,” “옆” etc. Then comes the “에” particle that denotes a location. And finally, the verb for “to exist” or “to be,” “있다.” An example of a finished sentence is “책상 위에 있다,” which could be translated as “It’s on top of the desk.” Now let’s take a look at the different position words.
It’s easier to go ahead and learn these with the “에” particle already affixed, so that’s how we’re gonna do it.
위에: on, above, on top of
옆에: next to
앞에: in front of
오른쬭에: to the right of
왼쪽에: to the left of
And now for some example sentences.
내 지갑이 어디에 있어요? Where’s my wallet?
책상위에 있어요. It’s on top of the desk.
식당이 어디예요? Where’s the restaurant?
그 가게 바로 옆에 있어요. It’s right next to that store.
산위에 구름이 있어요. There are clouds above the mountains.
다리아래에 강이 있어요. The river is below the bridge.
책 밑에 연필이 있어요There’s a pencil underneath the book.
책상 바로 옆에 의자가 있어요.There’s a chair right next to the desk.
전화기 앞에 메모지가 있어요.There’s a memo pad right next to the phone.
내뒤에 친구가 있어요. My friend is behind me.
오른쪽에 건물이 있어요. There’s a building on my right.
왼쪽에 가로등이 있어요. There’s a streetlight to my left.