In today’s lesson, we’ll be taking a look at words related to school life. At first blush, you may, from the topic, assume that this is going to be an easy post, but I guarantee these ain’t your beginner’s school words.
I suppose at some point I’d better write a companion piece to this that catches the newcomers up on the more elementary school-related vocab, but for now we’ll just be looking at the top-shelf stuff.
All righty, let’s get started.
등교하다: to go to school
Just like Grandpops always said, it’s a long trek up a steep grade to get to school in the morning. That’s why this verb combines the Chinese character for ascend (登,등 of 등산하다 fame) with the character for school (校). This word should not be confused with the verb ‘수강하다,’ which means to ‘be enrolled’ or to ‘attend school’ or lectures regularly.
등교길에 낯선 사람이 차에 태워주겠다고 하면 절대 타면 안 돼
Never accept a ride from a stranger on the way to school.
현재 YBM 수강생들은 제휴 회사에서 다양한 혜택을 누릴 수 있습니다.
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하교하다: to leave school
Contrary to what you may have heard, however, the way to school is not uphill both ways and this verb contains the character for “down” (下) along with the same character for school.
하교하다가 애들하고 편의점에 들르지 말고 집으로 바로 와라.
Come straight home after school and don’t stop by the convenience store with the other kids.
지각하다: to be tardy
This is a verb but it is roughly equivalent to the adjective “tardy.” It has a more formal ring to it than it’s pure Korean counterpart “늦다” and is accordingly used in more formal situations.
세 번 지각할 경우 결석으로 간주
Three tardies will be counted as an absence
결석하다: to be absent
This one is pretty self-explanatory right? But again, it’s a verb not an adjective.
죄송하지만 집안에 일이 있어서 결석할 수밖에 없게 됐습니다.
I’m really sorry, but due to some problems at home, I have no choice but to miss class.
정학당하다: to be suspended from school
퇴학당하다: to be expelled from school
그 애 수업 시간에 또 문제 일으켜서 정학당했어.
He got suspended for causing trouble in class again.
소문에 의하면 그 여학생이 교장의 금고에 있는 시험지를 훔치려다가 발각돼서 퇴학당했대요.
The word is that she was expelled for attempting to break into the principal’s safe and steal test papers.